KP Civil Secretariat Jobs 15 Mar 19, Computer Operator, Stenographer
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s history is greatly influenced by its location. As the gateway to the subcontinent, it has a long, turbulent history of invasions by those who sought the riches of India.
The Aryans began their migration into India around 2000 BC. Coming from the west, these semi-nomadic conquerors entered through KP and initially settled along the Swat, Gomal, Kurram and Kabul Rivers. Over the course of several hundred years more and more Aryans entered the subcontinent and migrated eastwards into modern day India. The Persians conquered Gandhara in the 6th century BC and made it one of the provinces of the Achaemenid Empire. As a conquered nation, Gandhara gave tribute to the Persian kings.
In 327 BC Alexander’s army invaded the Indian subcontinent. While Alexander was busy subduing the hill tribes of Swat and Kunar Valleys, his generals entered through the Khyber Pass. Before making his way south, Alexander resided at Taxila where he met a bold young man by the name of Chandragupta Maurya, who was an exiled prince of Magadha (in present day eastern India). According to some accounts, Chandragupta Maurya decided to forge an empire in Alexander’s footsteps. Though Alexander did not stay long in the subcontinent and died shortly afterwards, his reign had a significant impact. Greek culture influenced the culture of this region for a thousand years after. A prominent example of this is the fusion of Indian and Greek art elements that became known as Gandharan art style. After Alexander’s death his general Seleucus claimed the Indian territories.